Deepfake posts that duplicate faces of celebrities are pouring in on social networking services such as TikTok and YouTube. As technology becomes sophisticated, there a frequent cases of people being deceived by these videos, not knowing that they are fake. While deepfakes are becoming an interesting element on social media, there are also great concerns that it they are being abused as an illegal composite.
As of April 30th, If you search deepfake on TikTok, you can easily see deepfake posts with the faces of famous celebrities such as singers BlackPink members Jennie and Jisoo. Users post content by synthesizing faces onto their own and dancing. The targets of Korean politicians and famous Hollywood actors are endless. Earlier, a Tom Cruise’s deepfake post appeared on TikTok and became popular.
Deepfake is a technology that uses Deep Learning, a field of artificial intelligence, to create video clips that synthesize human faces or certain areas. With the advancement of technology, images that are difficult to distinguish between fake and real images are produced. In some cases, BlackPink deepfake that are posted on TikTok successfully deceive fans, who write comments such as “Jisoo, you’re doing TikTok now!? You have to follow me.”
It is not a problem if users specify that the videos are not real. However, there are cases of people abusing this new technology, such as impersonating celebrities. TikTok considers this a violation of community guidelines and is taking measures to remove them.
Meanwhile, deepfakes are also being abused for sexual purposes. In particular, Korean celebrities are the main victims of this. According to the Dutch cyber security company Deep Trace, about 20% of related videos were K-pop singers. In addition, illegal videos of ordinary people’s faces are shared through social networking services (SNS) such as Twitter and the Dark Web.
Video production that sexually targets others through deepfakes are subject to punishment. According to Article 14-2 of the Special Act on the Punishment of Sexual Violence Crimes, which was revised in June last year, it can be sentenced to up to five years in prison or fined up to 50 million won.
However, there are insufficient rules for punishment for simple viewing behavior. This is because if you own or purchase a video with deepfakes or deepvoices that are not edited, synthesized, or processed, it is classified as a “false video”. In the case of requesting unity, punishment can be made as “incitement” or a “joint criminal” depending on the case.
[Source: Herald Econ via Naver]